A major landmark, the Labuan Chimney is located atop a gentle hill in Tanjung Kubong. ©Jollence Lee

The Labuan Chimney is a well-known and often-photographed attraction on the island. Measuring over 32 m (106 ft) in height, the imposing structure is made from over 23,000 pieces of red bricks imported from England.

It was built in the early 1900s when coal mining was at its peak in Tanjung Kubong under the administration of the British North Borneo Chartered Company.

The Labuan Chimney was originally thought to be a ventilation shaft. However, recent excavations revealed no tunnel beneath and no traces of smoke or burning to suggest its use as a chimney as popularly believed, making the tower’s existence and purpose a mystery.

Various theories have been put forth regarding its existence. Some say it used to be a bell tower for signalling the arrival of ships while others claim it was a lighthouse due to its location near the ocean and the existence of an adjacent port called Raffles Anchorage.

Whatever one believes, this beautiful landmark is an intriguing puzzle that continues to fascinate locals and visitors alike.


Visitor information

The Labuan Chimney is housed at the Chimney Historical Complex in Tanjung Kubong. It is located along the Chimney Walking Trail, near the Labuan Bird Park and Gedung Ubat.

There is also a museum and information centre within the complex detailing the coal mining industry in Tanjung Kubong going back to 1847.

Opening hours: 8.30am – 5.00pm

Entry fee: Free of charge

Telephone: +6087 463 603